Backed by yet another beautiful perspective of San Francisco in the distance—this time from Hunters View, an affordable housing project south of downtown—Governor Jerry Brown signed into law a package of fifteen bills that will lay the groundwork for increasing housing, affordable housing, and homeless services in California.
A parade of politicians, including mayors (San Francisco’s Ed Lee, Oakland’s Libby Schaff, Los Angeles’s Eric Garcetti) and legislators who authored and advocated for the bills, were on hand to give lightning-fast speeches about the housing crisis and how some of these bills will begin to help solve it.
Begin is the operative word. Speaker after speaker reminded the crowd that, although “this is a brave step for the entire state” (Garcetti), and a “necessary first step” (Senator Tony Atkins, D-San Diego), “we are not done with this work.” (Schaff)
“Millions of Californians are faced with unbearable costs of housing, forced to make stressful financial decisions just to keep eviction notices off their front door,” said Assemblymember Richard Bloom (D-Santa Monica). “To those who are suffering: We hear you,” he added. “We are committed to making housing affordable again so those who are part of the fabric of our communities can again live in our communities.”
Senator Jim Beall (D-Campbell) was one of several speakers who gave a shout out to legislative staff and advocates who worked for over two years to get the bills passed. “They did all the hard work,” he said, “and we get the glory.”
He spoke of his inspiration: “The spark that caused the fire that burned my house down when I was fourteen, and left the family of twelve homeless—out of that tragedy came my resolve to dedicate my life to public service, and to provide housing to all people without making judgements about the situation they were in,” he said.
“Real housing is a right in our community.”
With this bill package, said Senator Scott Wiener (D-San Francisco), “California begins a pivot from a housing-last policy to a housing-first policy, where housing matters. We have been digging ourselves a bigger and bigger hole by putting obstacle after obstacle in the way of building new housing, and people are being pushed out into the streets, and our economy has been held back. And we are undermining our own climate goals by pushing people into punishing commutes.”
“We need to keep going and have the consistency, fortitude, and political will to keep pushing,” he added. “I have some bills for you next year.”
Governor Brown joked about the excited crowd of advocates and staff in attendance. “What a turnout,” he said. “This is probably the biggest bill signing I’ve ever seen—because it deals with something as basic as shelter.”
But, he reminded the legislative authors of the bills, the rules that are seen as obstacles to building housing had been passed “by people like you” for good reasons. “We want to achieve safety, aesthetics, the right kind of neighborhoods, all of that,” he said, “but now we need to streamline it.”
These fifteen bills are a good beginning, he said, “but have they ended the need for more legislation? Unfortunately not.”
But, he requested, “Not so many bills next year, guys.”
The bills signed by the governor today are:
- S.B. 2 (Atkins), the Building Homes and Jobs Act, establishes a funding source for affordable housing through a $75 fee on real estate transaction documents.
- S.B. 3 (Beall) authorizes $4 billion in general obligation bonds for affordable housing programs and a veteran’s home ownership program. SB 3 must be approved by voters next November.
- S.B. 35 (Wiener) streamlines the approval process for infill developments in local communities that have failed to meet their regional housing needs.
- S.B. 166 (Senator Nancy Skinner, D-Berkeley) ensures that cities maintain an ongoing supply of housing for residents of various income levels.
- S.B. 167 (Skinner) increases the standard of proof required for a local government to justify denying approval for projects that build low- and moderate-income housing.
- S.B. 540 (Senator Richard Roth, D-Riverside) streamlines the environmental review process for certain local affordable housing projects.
- A.B. 72 (Assemblymember Miguel Santiago, D-Los Angeles, and Assemblymember David Chiu, D-San Francisco) strengthens the state’s ability to enforce laws requiring local governments to achieve housing goals.
- A.B. 73 (Chiu) gives local governments incentives to create housing on infill sites near public transportation.
- A.B. 571 (Assemblymember Eduardo Garcia, D-Coachella) eases qualifications for the Farmworker Housing Tax Credit to make it easier to develop farmworker housing
- A.B. 678 (Assemblymember Raul Bocanegra, D-Pacoima) is identical to S.B. 167, above: increases the standard of proof required for a local government to justify denying approval for projects that build low- and moderate-income housing.
- A.B. 879 (Assemblymember Tim Grayson, D-Concord) authorizes a study of local fees charged to new residential developments and a proposal to substantially reduce them.
- A.B. 1397 (Assemblymember Evan Low, D-Campbell) changes the definition of land suitable for residential development to increase the number of sites where new multifamily housing can be built.
- A.B. 1505 (Bloom; Senator Steven Bradford, D-Gardena; Chiu; Assemblymember Todd Gloria, D-San Diego) authorizes cities and counties to adopt an inclusionary ordinance for residential rental units to increase affordable housing.
- A.B. 1515 (Assemblymember Tom Daly, D-Anaheim) affords housing projects the protections of the Housing Accountability Act as long as they are consistent with local planning rules, and despite local opposition.
- A.B. 1521 (Bloom, Chiu) gives experienced housing organizations a first right of refusal to purchase affordable housing developments to keep the units affordable.